ganges or ganga is one of the major rivers of indian Subcontinent which flows through india and Bangladesh. It is the indian National River of india. The himalayas are the source of three major indian rivers namely the Indus, the ganga, and the Brahmaputra.
ganga is the holiest river in india, which originates from a glacier named Gangotri in Uttrakhand. Bhagirathi is the source stream of Ganga. It emanates from Gangotri Glacier at Gaumukh at an elevation of 3,812 m. Many small streams comprise the headwaters of Ganga. The important among these are Alaknanda, Dhauliganga, Pindar, Mandakini, and Bhilangana. At Devprayag, where Alaknanda joins Bhagirathi the rivers acquires the name, Ganga.
It traverses a course of 2525 Km before flowing into the Bay of Bengal. It has a large number of tributaries joining it during this journey. It passes through Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh, bihar, jharkhand and joins the Bay of bengal in West Bengal. At Haridwar, ganga river opens to the Gangetic plains.Yamuna confluences ganga at the Sangam in allahabad, making a major contribution to the river flow. In West bengal river ganga splits into two, Bhagirathi (Hooghly) on the right and Padma on the left. Bhagirathi (Hooghly) meets the Bay of bengal in kolkata, while the Padma enters bangladesh and meets river Brahmaputra and Meghna before finally joining the Bay of Bengal.