Karthigai Deepam or Karthikai vilakkidu is a Telugu and Tamil Hindu, festival of Lights. The festival is observed in most Hindu homes and every temple, and falls in the month of Kārttikai (mid November to mid December) as per Tamil Calendar. This occurs on the day when the moon is in conjunction with the constellation Karthigai and pournami. This constellation appears as a group of six stars in the firmament in the shape of a pendant from the ear.
Karthikai Deepam is one of the oldest festivals celebrated by Tamil people. The festival finds reference in Sangam literature like Akananuru and the poems of Auvaiyar. Karthigai is referred in Sangam literature as Peruvizha.
Karthigai day, a huge fire lamp is lit up on the hill, visible for several
kilometers around. The fire (deepam) is called Mahadeepam. Hindu devotees visit
the place, to pray and make offerings to lord Shiva. In 2016, due to the
Mahakumbh Mela of Ujjain Simhastha, Karthikai Deepam will hold special significance,
being celebrated on 12 December 2016, which being a Monday is symbolically
attributed to God Shiva, of the twelve Jyotirlinga.
Worshiping God Varuna for Rain The five elements in Hinduism or Pancha Mahabhuta- bhūmi (earth), jala (water), agni (fire), vayu or pavan (air or wind) and vyom or shunya (space or zero) or akash (void) are worshiped as God. Meanwhile it was the Aryan race in the Vedic era, who started worshiping the five natural forces. Out of the five, nature Gods, Indra and Varuna are considered to be the main ones. The practice of worshiping the nature God has passed down through generations.
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