According to IDA (Indian Dental Association), 75 per cent of unexpected headaches and neck aches are due to dental problems. The two dental conditions which can lead to headaches or face pain are bruxism and temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ) with the latter being more pre-dominant, affecting 19%-40% indians aged 18 years and above.
The common risk factors include rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, jaw injury, prolonged grinding or clenching of teeth and effects of physical stress on the structures surrounding the joints. Other factors include poor diet, bad teeth alignment, absence of many teeth, lack of sleep and structural problems present since birth.
Technological advancements like CBCT and 3 D planning have increased the understanding and precision of dental treatment. Nowadays, one can have complete set of fixed teeth within 24 hours with minimal invasive surgery and no pain. Such treatment is highly specialized with long term good results.